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Types of contraceptives
The follow are recognised as modern methods of contraception by the
World Health Organisation
Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) or “the pill”
Contains two hormones (estrogen and progestogen).
Progestogen-only pills (POPs) or "the minipill"
Contains only progestogen hormone, not estrogen
Small, flexible rods or capsules placed under the skin of the upper arm; contains progestogen hormone only
Progestogen only injectables
Injected into the muscle or under the skin every 2 or 3 months, depending on product
Monthly injectables or combined injectable contraceptives (CIC)
Injected monthly into the muscle, contains estrogen and progestogen
Combined contraceptive patch and combined contraceptive vaginal ring (CVR)
Continuously releases 2 hormones – a progestin and an estrogen- directly through the skin (patch) or from the ring.
Intrauterine device (IUD): copper containing
Small flexible plastic device containing copper sleeves or wire that is inserted into the uterus
Intrauterine device (IUD) levonorgestrel
A T-shaped plastic device inserted into the uterus that steadily releases small amounts of levonorgestrel each day
Sheaths or coverings that fit over a man's erect penis
Sheaths, or linings, that fit loosely inside a woman's vagina, made of thin, transparent, soft plastic film
Male sterilization (vasectomy)
Permanent contraception to block or cut the vas deferens tubes that carry sperm from the testicles
Female sterilization (tubal ligation)
Permanent contraception to block or cut the fallopian tubes
Lactational amenorrhea method (LAM)
Temporary contraception for new mothers whose monthly bleeding has not returned; requires exclusive or full breastfeeding day and night of an infant less than 6 months old
Emergency contraception pills (ulipristal acetate 30 mg or levonorgestrel 1.5 mg)
Pills taken to prevent pregnancy up to 5 days after unprotected sex
Standard Days Method or SDM
Women track their fertile periods (usually days 8 to 19 of each 26 to 32 day cycle) using cycle beads or other aids
Basal Body Temperature (BBT) Method
Woman takes her body temperature at the same time each morning before getting out of bed observing for an increase of 0.2 to 0.5 degrees C.
Women track their fertile periods by observing presence of cervical mucus (if any type color or consistency)
Women track their fertile periods by observing changes in the cervical mucus (clear texture), body temperature (slight increase) and consistency of the cervix (softening).