Types of contraceptives

Combined oral contraceptives or pill
Contains two hormones (estrogen and progestogen).
Combined oral contraceptives or pill
Contains only progestogen hormone, not estrogen 
Implants
Small, flexible rods or capsules placed under the skin of the upper arm; contains progestogen hormone only
Injectables
Injected into the muscle or under the skin every 2 or 3 months, depending on product
Injectables
Injected monthly into the muscle, contains estrogen and progestogen
Vaginal ring
Continuously releases 2 hormones – a progestin and an estrogen- directly through the skin (patch) or from the ring.
Small flexible plastic device containing copper sleeves or wire that is inserted into the uterus
A T-shaped plastic device inserted into the uterus that steadily releases small amounts of levonorgestrel each day
Male condom
Sheaths or coverings that fit over a man's erect penis
Female condom
Sheaths, or linings, that fit loosely inside a woman's vagina, made of thin, transparent, soft plastic film
Sterilization
Permanent contraception to block or cut the vas deferens tubes that carry sperm from the testicles
Sterilization
Permanent contraception to block or cut the fallopian tubes
Lactational amenorrhea method
Temporary contraception for new mothers whose monthly bleeding has not returned; requires exclusive or full breastfeeding day and night of an infant less than 6 months old
Emergency contraception pills
Pills taken to prevent pregnancy up to 5 days after unprotected sex
Standard Days Method or SDM
Women track their fertile periods (usually days 8 to 19 of each 26 to 32 day cycle) using cycle beads or other aids
Basal Body Temperature
Woman takes her body temperature at the same time each morning before getting out of bed observing for an increase of 0.2 to 0.5 degrees C.              
TwoDay Method
Women track their fertile periods by observing presence of cervical mucus (if any type color or consistency)      
TwoDay Method
Women track their fertile periods by observing changes in the cervical mucus (clear texture), body temperature (slight increase) and consistency of the cervix (softening).